Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India is an article to describe the top most personalities of our Indian freedom struggle. In India, the freedom struggle has happened almost for centuries. Our Indian men & women faced a lot of problems by the British Government & Dutch people.
After a united effort of our freedom fighters, only now we can enjoy our freedom living in India. We should remember each one sacrifice their lives for our current free life. Salute to them.
Freedom Fighters of India – Pride of India
After over a century of revolution, struggle, and bloodshed, India achieved Independence from the British rule on August 15th, 1947. During the battle of Independence, every Indian played its role in some way or another. Most of them even sacrificed their lives in the fight for freedom for our beloved country and are known as freedom fighters of India.
With the true spirit and courage, they faced various tortures and hardships to earn us freedom.
Here are some of the famous freedom fighters in India who made a significant contribution to our nation. Among the multiple pioneers of the revolution, the most famous freedom fighters are mention below.
1. The Great Bhagat Singh
Considered as one of the Most famous Freedom Fighters of India, Bhagat Singh was an Indian revolutionary. He was born in a Sikh family of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati on September 27, 1907, in Khatkar Kalan Village, Punjab. Both his father and his uncle were freedom fighters of India, which imbibed in him feelings of patriotism. He joined the Non-Cooperation movement in 1921 but later became violent as a result of the Chauri-Chaura Massacre.
He later formed the “Naujawan Bharat Sabha” to create a feeling of patriotism among the youth in Punjab. Soon after, he came in contact with Chandrashekhar Azad and planned to kill General Scott, who was responsible for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. He instead killed Superintendent Saunders and left for Lahore to escape punishment. On April 18, 1929, he threw a bomb in Central Legislative Assembly and sentenced to death charge on March 23, 1931.
2. Legendary Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, “Father of Nation,” also known as Mahatama Gandhi, was born on October 2nd, 1869. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, the Diwan of Porbandar in Gujarat, and his mother is Puttlibai. He was married at the age of 13 to Kasturba Makhanji of the same period.
He was mediocre in his studies and was sent to London to study law. After some practice in Bombay, he went to South Africa as a legal advisor for a company.
Due to racial discrimination faced by Indians in South Africa, he threw himself in the struggle to secure the rights of Indian people, which took almost 25 years.Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India – Pride of India
Inspired by various religions, he followed the path of “Truth” and “Non-Violence” and returned to India after his struggle in South Africa. He started Non-Cooperation in India and asked people to boycott foreign goods and possessions. His Freedom Fighters spirit using Non-violence always taught in books.
He later started many other movements and forced the British to leave India in 1947. Late on January 30, 1948, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
3. Revolutionary Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey was the First Freedom Fighters of India History, who ignited the spark of freedom, which led to the revolt of 1857. He was born on July 19, 1827, in the Nagwa village in Uttar Pradesh. Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the East India Company in the 34th regiment of Bengal Native Infantry.
During 1853 there was a rumor that the cartridges of the guns were grease with Lard and Tallow, both of which were against the Hindu as well as Muslim religion. At that time, the British army had 96% Indians, and all Hindus and Muslim soldiers refused to accept the cartridges, which turned into a revolt. Later, Mangal tried to commit suicide to spark the light of patriotism but failed. He was then captured and then sentenced to death on April 8, 1857, at Barrackpore.
4. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was the son of renowned lawyer Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. He was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa, and completed his graduation from Calcutta and left for England in 1919 for further studies. Shaken by the incident of the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre, he returned India in 1921 and joined Indian National Congress and participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Not convinced with the Non-Violence method of Gandhi Ji, he left for Germany to convince Hitler for help. There he formed Indian National Army (INA) and declared the formation of the Azad Hind Government.
During World War II, Japan was majorly involved in helping INA surrendered. Somehow Netaji escaped from there, but his plane crashed on August 17, 1945. His death is still a mystery as his dead body is not found after the crash to date.
5. National Hero Chandrashekhar Azad
A fearless revolutionary, Chandrashekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906, to Pandit Sita ram and Jagrani Devi in Jhabua District of Madhya Pradesh. After completing the schooling from Bhavra district, he moved to Varanasi for higher studies.
Azad was relatively young when he joined the freedom struggle as an extremist as he believed violence was necessary for freedom. As a revolutionary, he adopted his last name as “Azad,” which means free, and pledged that British police could not catch him as long as he is alive.
Azad and Bhagat Singh were well known Freedom Fighters of India in that Decade.Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India – Pride of India
He was involved in the Kakori Train Robbery Scandal and targeted British officials who were known for aggression and torture to Indians. On February 27, 1931, He backstabbed by one of his associates, who informed police about his whereabouts. In Alfred Park at Allahabad, he was surrounded by policemen. He fought bravely for some time and then shot himself to die as “Free Man.”
6. Rani of Jhansi – Rani Lakshmibai
Rani Laxmi Bai was the queen of the Jhansi, a northern state of India. Nicknamed as Manikarnika, she was born in 1828 in a Maharashtrian family at Kashi (today is known as Varanasi). She was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao Niwalkar, the king of Jhansi, in 1842. Under the rule of Lord Dalhousie, the then governor-general of India, the British government ordered to annex all princely state without any male heir.
Rani Laxmi Bai was then a widow and had an adopted son, Damodar Rao. She refused to surrender Jhansi and called for armed forces. Rani Laxmi Bai then fought a two week battle with the British army in March 1858, which she lost. Laxmi Bai was a Popular Women Freedom Fighter of India before 1900. She then rode to Gwalior, where again, a battle fought, and she died on June 18, 1858. Rani Laxmi Bai played a crucial role in the revolt of 1857, which sparked the wave of freedom all over India.
7. Warrior Lala Lajpat Rai
Famously known as Punjab Kesari, Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865, in village Dhudike in Punjab to Munshi Radha Kishan Azad and Gulab Devi. Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the most prominent members of the Indian National Congress and was part of the Lal-Bal-Pal Trio.
The trio was part of the extremist section of Congress. In 1914 he went to Britain to explain the position of India but was unable to return as World War I broke out. After his return in 1920, he led the Non-Cooperation Movement and Punjab Protest against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre and was known as the Popular freedom Fighters of India. In 1928 in a protest against Simon Commission, Lala Lajpat Rai died as a result of a brutal Lathi charge by the Britishers on November 17, 1928.
8. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
The famous quote, “Swaraj is my birthright, and I must have it,” is given by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Tilak belonged to as a middle-class Brahmin family and was born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak on July 23, 1856, in a small village near Ratnagiri in Maharashtra. He is known to be a multi-facet personality and considered as “Father of Indian Unrest.” Tilak got married at a very young age when he was just 16 to a 10-year-old girl Satyabhama.
He organized the Deccan Education Society to impart teachings about Indian Culture and Ideals and also launched the Swadeshi movement. He traveled all through the country to convince people to contribute to the Freedom movement and became Famous Freedom fighters of India. Later on August 1, 1920, Tilak died, 200,000 people attended his funeral along with Mahatama Gandhi.
9. Respected Lal Bahadur Shastri
The Second Prime Minister of independent India, Lal Bahadur Shastri, was born on October 2, 1904, at Mughalsarai in Uttar Pradesh. He studied as a nationalist at Kashi Vidyapeeth and, upon completion, received the title of “Shastri or Scholar.” He married Lalita Devi in the year 1927 and participated actively in Quit India Movement, Salt Satyagrah Movement, and the Civil Disobedience Movement Initiated by Mahatma Gandhi.
He is not popular as Freedom Fighter of India, but his biography tells how he was very silently involved in India’s Freedom.
He spent almost 9 years in jail, mostly after 1940 till 1946. After independence, he was appointed as Home Minister, Minister of Police and Transport, and various other ministerial posts until he became Prime Minister of India in 1964.
He played a crucial role during the 1965 war between India and Pakistan.Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India – Pride of India
He died in 1966 at Tashkent (Capital of Uzbekistan) after signing a treaty between India and Pakistan’s President Ayub Khan. The slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” was coined by him to bring unity within the country during the war.
10. Great Of All Times Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
The only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad. His father was himself a barrister and a political leader. He is not only known as the Freedom Fighters of India but also a famous politician before India’s Freedom. After completing his studies from Cambridge University, Nehru returned India in 1912 to work as a barrister and was married to Kamala Kaul in 1916.
Being Influenced by Mahatma Gandhi he joined the Freedom struggle and soon became the President of Indian National Congress and later became the First Prime Minister of Independent India. He loved Children; therefore his birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day in India and is also known as “Chacha Nehru”. Nehru is also known as “The Architect of Modern India”. He died in New Delhi (Capital of India) on May 27th, 1964.
Who else should have been on our list of the best freedom fighters of India? Let us know in comment section below.